Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things (IoT), mobile applications, work on social networks or improve the user experience… The ‘Digital Transformation’ has crept into all aspects of our lives and our jobs. How will the world of work change? What will the new professions and positions of the future look like? After all, it is the arrival of Industry 4.0 and, like any industrial revolution, it brings with it new types of jobs.
97 Million Jobs Will Be Created That Do Not Exist Now
According to a survey of companies carried out by the World Economic Forum for its report ‘The Future of Jobs 2020’, 34% of the participating entities are considering expanding their workforce due to technology integration ( WEF. October 2020 ). This same document states that emerging professions will grow between now and 2025 from 7.8% to 13.5% – that is, 5.7%-. Based on these figures, the Organization forecasts that 97 million new roles may emerge that are better adapted to the new division of labor between humans, machines, and algorithms by that year.
In a certain way, this is already happening because, in 2018, 13.9% of the job offers published referred to jobs that did not exist fifteen years ago. As it happens, most of them were related to new technologies, according to the Adecco Infoempleo Report for that year.
Profiles Most In Demand For New Professions
The most in-demand profiles will be those that offer skills that a machine or robot cannot provide, such as critical thinking, analysis, problem-solving, self-management, active learning, resilience, stress tolerance, and flexibility. In other words, despite the arrival of sustainable automation and robotization, human skills will continue to be irreplaceable, as stated in a study.
Another issue that he brings up and that is illuminating is the ability that future professionals will have to develop when working hand in hand with their fellow robots, or “cobots,” as the document calls them. And cooperate to achieve maximum effectiveness.
One thing is sure: technical skills will become less valuable in the labor market. In any case, for many, a process of ‘job recycling’ or ‘ reskilling ‘ will be necessary for their professional career to improve digital skills and acquire additional technical training. After all, we create and develop machines to know how to use them.
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